ESL Listening Activity: Penguins

English (ESL) Listening Activity on Penguins

Penguins cannot fly but they are great swimmers. The penguins use their flippers (or wings) to move their bodies through the water. They can swim for many miles, chase small animals and fish in the water. Penguins like to eat krill, anchovies, sardines and squid. Emperor penguins can stay under the water for 20 minutes. They cannot breathe in the water but they use oxygen that they stored in their body to stay under. Penguins can see very well under the water. Sometimes Penguins run into predators, such as leopard seals and killer whales while swimming.

Penguins live in the southern hemisphere. Most penguins live close to Antarctica but some live close to the equator. Penguins can live to be 15 to 20 years old.
All of the penguins nest is the same place. Rookery is where penguins lay their eggs. Some penguins lay their eggs in nests and other balance their egg on their feet.
There are anywhere from 15 to 20 species of penguins. Emperors are the largest penguins. Emperor penguins can be four feet tall and weigh about 65 pounds. Emperor penguins live in the Artic and swim fast. They can swim around 13 miles per hour.
Little Blues are the smallest penguins. They are usually one foot tall and weigh only two pounds. Little Blues live in Australia and New Zealand.
Penguins are marine sentinels. Sentinel means lookout or guard. They warn each other when something is wrong. This is often because every year they mate and lay their eggs in the same place as they have all of the other years. This means that predators know they are coming. Penguins sense when danger is coming and alert the other birds.
The two biggest threats to penguins are large oil companies (and oil spills) and global warming.


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