English (ESL) Listening Activity on Brazil
Brazil is the largest country in South America. It borders with every country in South American except Chile and Ecuador. Most of Brazil’s largest and most populous cities are close the coast. However, the capital of Brazil is Brasilia which is not located on the coast. More than 200 million people live in Brazil. It is the world’s fifth most populated country. The three largest cities in Brazil are Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Salvador.
Many of the ancestors of the Brazilian people come from Portugal, Spain, Germany and other western European Countries. Some Brazilians have ancestors that were brought to Brazil as slaves. There are also large populations of Japanese, Chinese, Korean and Jewish people.
There is a vast variety in the landscapes of Brazil because it is such a large country. There are mountains, the Amazon rain forest, amazing beaches, broad plains and dry plains. The Amazon rainforest is the world’s largest rainforest. Many native people still live in the Amazon. It is hot and rainy in the Amazon rainforest.
Most Brazilians live in medium to large cities that are full of buildings and modern amenities. The poor people live in large cities live in shantytowns called favelas.
Most Brazilians work in the service sector; for schools, governments, offices, hospitals, banks, and the tourism industry. There is also a large farming and manufacturing sector in Brazil.
Soccer is the most popular sport in Brazil. Soccer is very popular and Brazil is the only country that has played in every World Cup tournament. A lot of Brazilians enjoy watching popular soap operas on TV. Brazilians also enjoy music. Popular types of music are bossa nova, samba, lambada and hip-hop.
Overall Brazilians enjoy eating natural foods and tend to have balanced diets; with fruit, vegetables, meats and grains.
Brazil is famous for is carnival that it holds each year. The biggest and most world-renowned one is in Rio de Janiero and it attracts visitors and attention from around the world every year.